Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences
Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics - Biruni Üniversitesi

Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics

    Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics

    The explosion of genome-scale data over the last decade offers  unprecedented opportunities to understand fundamental principles of  biology and to apply biological knowledge to critical medical,  agricultural, and environmental problems. Every day, faculty in the  Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics (MBG) engage in  cutting-edge research, training, and teaching to advance scientific  discovery and answer basic questions in the life sciences. MBG faculty  and students continuously deliver the highest standard of research  because of their demonstrated excellence in linking genomes to gene and  protein function in the context of cells, tissues, organisms, and the  environment. The Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics (MBG) was  established in 2014 as one of the two departments in the Faculty of Engineer and Natural Science.

    The mission of MBG is to conduct life sciences research with focus on  the molecular and genetic details of critical life events such as  metabolism, mutation, transformation, immunity, development, aging, and  disease; to offer the best possible education and practical training in  molecular and
    genetic aspects of life sciences.

    The  Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics at Biruni University aims  not only to teach the fundamentals of genetics and genomics but also to  teach the clinical applications of this fast growing field. Unlike the  Molecular Biology and Genetics Departments at other universities, this  department aims to concentrate on human genetics and biology with an  emphasis on genetic mechanisms and molecular bases of diseases.
    MBG  offers both undergraduate (BSc) and graduate (MSc & PhD) programs. A  variety of courses are offered at both levels by MBG faculty and  supporting faculty from other departments in order to cover a broad area  of specialties related to molecular biology and genetics. Cutting edge  research activities are central to graduate education and also  considered as an indispensable part of educational activities at  undergraduate level. Research opportunities exist in a variety of areas  including, cancer biology, immunology, bioinformatics, biochemistry,  structural biology,
    microbiology, biotechnology, and developmental  biology. The diverse areas of research are not conducted independently;  there is a great synergy between closely and distantly related areas  opening new research and study opportunities for students and faculty.
    The primary focus of this strategy is to outline new research themes,  and to align these initiatives with new Master programmes and to  thoroughly reorganize existing education programmes. The future research  themes are based on the present strongholds of the department but these  strongholds will also be developed as individual disciplines to keep or  expand the international competitiveness of these areas. All of the  suggested themes will involve research expertise across the department  and we thereby harvest most of the synergy that was outlined for the  merger in 2014.

    The students with the degree in Molecular  Biology and Genetics from Biruni University will have the capability to  work and perform research in the universities and clinics.

    Whether studying cell processes and codes in humans, animals,  plants or other living organisms, molecular biologists are needed in a  spectrum of career fields. They utilize their knowledge of chemistry,  cell physiology, genetics, physics and other sciences in their career  studies. These professionals must experiment to gain results and push the boundaries of their research areas.

    Biotech companies might need molecular biologists to genetically  engineer new crops to improve their health and consumption rate. Other  molecular biologists may develop a new way to test the validity of drugs  used to stimulate safe gene growth and fight off disease.

    Molecular  biologists need to understand gene sequencing, cell signaling and gene  expression, as well as organize and differentiate cells. They need to  accurately record information and interpret results, which are to be  passed on and communicated with others for non-scientific consumption.

    Molecular biologists work with advanced lab equipment, like cloning  kits, DNA synthesizers, and temperature cyclers. They regularly  emphasize deductive reasoning and critical thinking in their tasks, as  they attempt to enact change to processes and reinforce new methodology  in solving problems. For instance, molecular biologists might be  focused on how to change genetic properties in order to assist in curing  or slowing disease infestation.

    Job opportunities exist in private  industries, universities and government agencies. In private industry,  molecular biologists can serve as consultants while advising on  scientific issues, such as environmental problems. For the government,  they can research new ways to treat and diagnose disease. In  universities, teachers are needed to help push new minds to grow the  field and instruct students on how to conduct research properly and  question existing models of scientific thinking.

    Students who  are considering to study in this department have to get the required  MF-3 score from the exam. These 5-year programs including 1 year English  can provide the groundwork for those who want to become molecular  biologists. Students gain experience in a laboratory, which is essential  since research is necessary for molecular biologists. Other common  courses in these programs include:

    General Biology
    Cell Biology
    Molecular Genetics
    Clinical Genetics
    Recombinant DNA Technnology
    Gene and Cellular Theraphy etc.